The reporting of possible signs of cancer decreased during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, new research has found.
The public is being urged to report any problems which could be a potential sign of cancer, as a drop in the number of patients aged over 50 reporting possible cancer symptoms to their GPs has been noted in a study at the University of Bristol. The findings have been published in BMJ Open.
The reduction in reporting was most significant for common symptoms, which rarely indicate cancer. It was also pronounced for ‘alarm’ symptoms, which are more likely to indicate cancer in older age groups, though most of the time do not.
Researchers, funded by The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), analysed anonymous information from 21 GP practices in Bristol, North Somerset and South Gloucestershire, covering 124,000 patients over the age of 50. They compared data from April-July 2020 with the same period in 2019.
In 2019, 56% of over 50s registered with the GP practices had a consultation and 17% reported potential cancer signs of cancer. In 2020, this had reduced to 45% of over 50s having a consultation and 11% reporting cancer symptoms.
Dr Mairead Murphy, Research Fellow at the University of Bristol, said: “We found that all over 50s had reductions in reporting of symptoms that could indicate cancer. These symptoms are more likely to result in a cancer diagnosis in older people. All patients, but particularly older age groups, should be encouraged to report potential symptoms of cancer.”
Potential signs of cancer
In 2019, potential cancer symptoms were reported in 21% of face-to-face GP consultations in over 50s, compared to 13% of remote consultations. In 2020, this was 17% face-to-face and 14% remotely. Of the most commonly reported potential cancer symptoms, reporting of chest infections, fever, coughs, fatigue and urinary tract infection reduced most dramatically. The eight alarm symptoms (blood in the urine, faeces, or vomit, coughing up blood, yellowing of the skin or eyes, breast lump, postmenopausal bleeding in women aged 55 and over, and difficulty swallowing) saw a less pronounced decline, but still reduced by 27% overall.
At-risk groups, such as older people and those shielding, tended to access GP consultations more frequently during the first lockdown period. However, these consultations did not result in higher levels of reporting of potential cancer symptoms. This suggests that these consultations were mostly for existing or routine issues rather than new health problems.
Patients with mental health conditions had a smaller reduction in reporting of these symptoms compared to other groups. This may be because GPs were particularly focused on this group at this time.
The findings reinforce an earlier Cancer Research UK survey where GPs felt they were receiving fewer reports of cancer symptoms during the first UK lockdown.
Contacting a GP during the pandemic
Chris Salisbury, a GP and Professor of Primary Care at the University of Bristol’s Centre for Academic Primary Care (CAPC), added: “It is really important that, during the pandemic, patients should continue contacting their doctor with any persistent problems that could be a sign of cancer. Although many of these symptoms won’t in fact be due to cancer, it is important not to ignore anything you are concerned about.”
Dr Jacob Lee, GP and Medical Director at One Care, the Bristol, North Somerset and South Gloucestershire GP federation, who responded to the article, said: “GP surgeries responded rapidly to the new ways of working required by the COVID pandemic. General practice is open and has been open to patients throughout the last year – we continue to provide care to our patients who need it and want to encourage anyone who has concerns about potential signs of cancer to contact their GP surgery.”