Pathology as a branch of medicine is considered the ‘doctrine of diseases’. University pathology has three pillars and fulfils important tasks in healthcare, teaching and research.
In healthcare, modern pathology has a pilot function for determining the optimal therapeutic strategy, especially in personalised medicine. More than 75% of inpatient treatment strategies are based on an anatomical-pathological diagnosis. This is done on specimen excisions, surgical specimens or cytological preparations with histological, immunohistological, electron microscopic and more often also molecular pathological methods.
In the teaching of students, pathology is an important basic and cross-sectional subject in the training of human medicine and dentistry. At the University of Regensburg, Germany, pathology is also an integral part of the degree programmes Molecular Medicine and Medical Informatics.
Pathology translates as “The Doctrine of Suffering” or “Disease Theory”, which is an important basic and cross-sectional discipline in medical and dental education.
The systematic and nomenclature of disease entities as well as the basic mechanisms of disease development are taught in various further modules, closely linked to the clinical subjects, during the study of the most important special pathologies of the different organ systems on a macroscopic, histological and molecular level.
This is not only the training of students of human and dental medicine in the context of the regular curriculum, but also the care of Famulaturen or students in the Practical Year of Medical Studies, who are particularly interested in the subject.
In addition, the Institute of Pathology is involved in training in the degree programme ‘Molecular Medicine‘, and gives students of other courses in the medical field (including medical informatics) insights into their work as pathologists.
In research, pathology builds a bridge between basic and clinical research. In in vitro and in situ analyses as well as in animal models, scientific questions of the cellular mechanisms of disease development are analysed as well as questions on disease detection, disease differentiation, prediction and prognosis. The focus of our institute is the investigation of tumour diseases, regeneration and wound healing and graft-versus-host disease (GvHD).
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